What is Bone Grafting?

Bone Grafting

If your jawbone is not dense enough to support dental implants on its own, bone grafting can improve your candidacy. By grafting bone tissue into the jaw, your dentist can boost jawbone growth and provide a firmer foundation for potential implants.

Bone Grafting Restores a Compromised Jaw

When jaw atrophy occurs because of tooth loss, bone grafting by your dentist, can restore lost tissue, allowing you to receive dental implants. Your dentist also provides bone grafting procedures to restore the jaw following tooth extraction, and performs sinus lifts to restore lost bone tissue in the upper jaw. During a consultation, your dentist can create a treatment plan based on your goals and needs.

Grafting Timeline

Your dentist will take ample time to assess your candidacy before proceeding with a bone graft. In general, the best candidates are nonsmokers who are otherwise in good oral health. Smokers should cease the habit for a period before surgery. Ideally, they should stop smoking entirely in order to experience the best ongoing benefits of the procedure.
Once your dentist has determined that you can safely undergo bone grafting, he will create a custom treatment plan using x-rays and other advanced diagnostic tools. Before surgery begins, you will receive an anesthetic and a sedative in order to help you remain calm and comfortable throughout the procedure.

First, an incision is made in the gum tissue. Next, the graft is carefully placed in the recessed area. The graft itself can consist of synthetic material or donor tissue. Once the graft has been placed, your dentist will suture your incisions closed. It will typically take about three months for the graft to integrate with your jaw.

Once the graft has fully healed, you can begin planning your dental implant placement with an oral surgeon. your dentist can work with your surgeon to provide the necessary prosthodontics (dentures, crowns, or bridges) to complete your treatment once the dental implants are in place.

Bone Grafting after Tooth Extraction

Patients wishing to restore their smiles with dental implants are not the only ones who may require a bone graft. In many cases, when a tooth has become severely decayed, bacteria can also affect the tissues surrounding the tooth, including the bone and gums. A bone graft can replace compromised tissue while simultaneously setting the stage for dental implant placement.

Sinus Lifts

When bone atrophy occurs in the upper jaw, it can decrease the amount of bone tissue between the gums and the sinuses. If a patient wishes to receive dental implants, this can make it impossible to place an implant without disrupting the sinuses. A special kind of bone graft called a sinus lift can replace lost tissue after the sinuses have been carefully elevated. Once the graft has healed, the upper jaw can safely accommodate an implant.

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